Ingredients

    

VITAMIN A - (retinyl palmitate, beta-carotene, lutein, lycopene, mixed carotenoids)

DESCRIPTION: Without Vitamin A it is impossible for the body to use proteins. This vitamin is an antioxidant as well as a fat-soluble nutrient. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps support bone formation and cell membranes. It's important to support the eyes, hair, skin and teeth. It helps form the color purple that is essential for night vision. It increases immune system functions, fighting infection, colds, flu and bacteria. It also helps maintain the healthy function of the reproductive organs and liver function. It speeds up healing time in many illnesses. Vitamin A is an antioxidant; therefore, it helps the body combat environmental pollutants. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: Antibiotics, cholesterol-lowering drugs, and some laxatives can interfere with the absorption of Vitamin A. Those individuals who are PREGNANT or have liver disease consult your physician before taking. Children MUST be directed by their physician. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None if taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

Vitamin C - (Ascorbic acid)

DESCRIPTION: If you get a high-quality multivitamin, it should contain Vitamin C with bioflavonoids. The bioflavonoids and Vitamin C will work together, just like they do in nature. You may find Vitamin C often appear on labels as calcium ascorbate and/or magnesium ascorbate. The reason why is the ascorbate acid is buffered to promote digestive comfort. Not everyone can handle the same Vitamin C. Deficiencies may include lowered resistance to infections, hemorrhage, anemia, scurvy, joint tenderness, and susceptibility to dental caries, pyorrhea and bleeding gums. Vitamin C is soluble in water and is easily destroyed by oxidation and heat will hasten the process. It can be stored in the body to a limited extent, unless of course you are a smoker, then it cannot be stored at all and must be supplemented in the diet. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Boost the immune system, reverse lowered resistance to infections, hemorrhage, anemia, scurvy and joint tenderness.

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: Make sure that you check with your doctor if you are taking aspirin, analgesics, antidepressants, anticoagulants, oral contraceptives, or steroids because they may reduce levels of Vitamin C in the body. Alcohol can also reduce Vitamin C in the body. If you are taking diabetic medications and sulfa drugs, they may not be as effective when taken with Vitamin C. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

VITAMIN D3 - (cholecalciferol or calciferol)

DESCRIPTION: The best way to get Vitamin D is through exposure to sunlight. Our ability to manufacture Vitamin D from sunlight decreases with age. Deficiencies of Vitamin D can interfere with the utilization of calcium and phosphorus in bone and tooth formation. Deficiencies can cause irritability and weakness. Vitamin D is soluble in fats and organic solvents. Vitamin D is often associated with Vitamin A and is important in treating osteoporosis, rickets and hypocalcaemia while also enhancing the immune system. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: It helps to support healthy bones and calcium and phosphorus absorption from the intestinal tract. Helps to cure rickets. Supports healthy vision. Helps produce blood plasma and regulates the metabolism of minerals. It helps to stabilize heart action and the nervous system. Aids in the normal clotting of blood. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None if taken as recommended. Toxicity may occur from amounts over 65,000 I.U.'s over a period of several years. Vitamin D should not be taken without calcium. Any intestinal disorders, liver or gallbladder disorders can interfere with the absorption of Vitamin D. The use of some cholesterol lowering drugs, antioxidants, hormones, mineral oil or steroids may interfere with absorption of Vitamin D. Thiazide diuretics may upset the calcium and Vitamin D ratio. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: Should be taken with Calcium 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. Some cholesterol-lowering drugs may interfere with absorption. 

VITAMIN E - (d-alpha tocopheryl)(mixed tocopherols))

DESCRIPTION: Vitamin E should be provided in a high-quality multivitamin in the form of d-alpha tocopheryl. This is necessary because the natural form of Vitamin E is identical in structure to the Vitamin E that the body produces. It will be better absorbed than a synthetic Vitamin E and will remain in your system longer to give you more of its benefits. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: When taking Vitamin E, a proper amount of Zinc has to be maintained in order to assist Vitamin E to do its job. Helps prevent free radical damage. May assist in preventing age spots due to the lipid interaction. Is essential for reproduction and increases the fertility of the males and females. It may also restore male potency. In the female it will aid in lactation and fibrocystic breasts. Aids in the prevention of miscarriages. Helps promote proper cellular health, mental health, blood flow and protects red blood cells. It is great for wound healing and helps to prevent blood clots. When it supplies more oxygen to the body, the body has more endurance. Helps support the lungs from day to day environmental pollutants. Improves circulation, which can help with PMS. Can help prevent scarring, healing, reduces blood pressure and may help with cataracts. Athletic performance may be improved and also leg cramps. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: NEW RESEARCH -- High Doses Increase Risk of Death From All Causes, Research Shows - By Peggy Peck - WebMD Medical News - Reviewed By Brunilda Nazario, MD - Wednesday, November 10, 2004 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: An iron supplement should not be taken together with Vitamin E. If you are suffering from diabetes, thyroid disorders, rheumatic heart disease or other heart ailments you SHOULD consult your physician before taking ANY Vitamin E.

GENERAL USAGE: Remember, Zinc is essential to maintain proper Vitamin E levels. 

VITAMIN K1 - (Phylloquinone)

DESCRIPTION: Vitamin K can be formed by natural bacteria in the intestines. Vitamin K is needed to blood clotting and helps bone formation, thereby preventing osteoporosis. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Vitamin K is responsible for blood clotting. It aids in the prevention of internal bleeding, hemorrhages and aids in healing bruises. Vitamin K is vital for normal functioning of the liver, therefore Vitamin K converts glucose to glycogen. Glycogen is stored in the liver. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: Large doses can accumulate in the body and cause sweating or flushing. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: When a synthetic Vitamin K is taken in large doses during pregnancy (or the last trimester) it may result in a toxic reaction for the baby. Antibiotics also interfere with the absorption of Vitamin K because it kills the friendly flora in the body that is necessary to make Vitamin K. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

Vitamin K2 (Menaquinone-7)

DESCRIPTION: Natural vitamin K2 as menaquinone-7 (MK-7) is the circulating levels of the vitamin K-dependent protein Osteocalcin.  Active osteocalcin is required for bone-building cells (osteoblasts) to optimally utilize calcium for building and maintaining a healthy bone matrix. Osteocalcin is a protein responsible for utilization of calcium within bone tissue - it has the ability to bind calcium to the matrix of bones, which makes them stronger and less susceptible to fractures.  Without sufficient amounts of vitamin K in the diet, or in cases of Vitamin K deficiency, inactive osteocalcin is not able to bind calcium properly, and thus the bones weaken and become fragile.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: K2 is required for bone-building cells (osteoblasts) to optimally utilize calcium for building and maintaining a healthy bone matrix. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: Do not use if under the age of 18, taking anticoagulant drugs (such as Warfarin) or other medications, or if at risk for any bleeding disorder (such as hemorrhagic disorders).

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

THIMIN (vitamin B1)

DESCRIPTION: Vitamin B1 is a water-soluble nutrient that is not stored in the body and has to be replenished every day. It is found widely in animal and plant tissues but rarely in high concentrations, except in brewer's yeast. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Promotes neurotransmission involved in memory and learning. Its roles include carbohydrate metabolism, maintenance of normal digestion and the appetite, and it is essential for normal function of the nervous, muscular and cardiovascular system. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None if taken as recommended. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: Should be taken with or as part of a B-complex vitamin. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily, and may be consumed and used up by antibiotics. 

RIBOFLAVIN (vitamin B2)

DESCRIPTION: This vitamin is a water and alcohol soluble micronutrient. Vitamin B2 aids in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats and proteins. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: It is important in the formation of certain enzymes and natural growth and reproduction. It also participates in our adaptation to light. Helps support vision and cellular respiration. Promotes energy production and healthy red blood cell formation. It also aids in the maintenance of healthy skin, nails and hair growth. It may be helpful in stressful situations. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None if taken as recommended. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None when used as directed. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

NIACIN (vitamin B3)

DESCRIPTION: Vitamin B3 is available in two basic forms -- niacin (also called nicotinic acid) and niacinamide (also called nicatinamide). It is important in tissue respiration and fat synthesis. It aids in the metabolism of carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps support your cardiovascular and circulatory systems, and reduces serum cholesterol. Promotes healthy blood fat levels, healthy skin, digestive system and tongue. Has to be present in the production of cortisone, thyroxin, insulin and the male and female sex hormones. We utilize it for a healthy nervous system and brain function. Deficiencies could cause gastrointestinal and mental disturbances such as schizophrenia. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: Niacin (nicotinic acid) may cause vasodilatation and flushing. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: High amounts of vitamin B3 should be used with caution by anyone who is pregnant or diabetic. 

VITAMIN B6 - (pyridoxine)

DESCRIPTION: Vitamin B6 is a multi-function nutrient that promotes mental and physical health. The body is unable to store B6 so it must be replenished every day. It is soluble in both water and alcohol. It is rapidly inactivated in the presence of heat, sunlight or air. It is essential in the metabolism of tryptophan and is needed for utilization of certain other amino acids. Deficiencies could include dermatitis around the eyes and mouth, carpal tunnel syndrome, neuritis, anorexia, nausea and vomiting. It is needed for the proper absorption of Vitamin B12. It is involved in more bodily functions that any other nutrient. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Supports your immune system and mental clarity. It supports proper blood and body tissues. Promotes healthy nerves, teeth, skin and muscles. It is necessary in the production of antibodies and red blood cells and important in the metabolism and utilization of carbohydrates, proteins and fats. It is also needed for the balance of phosphorus and sodium. For regulating body fluids, it balances sodium and potassium. Affects physical and mental health. Has a role in cancer immunity, kidney stones, and arteriolosclerosis. It may reduce the symptoms of PMS and the treatment of some allergies, asthma and arthritis. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: Diuretics and cortisone drugs may block the absorption of vitamin B6. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

FOLIC ACID - (B-Complex Vitamin)

DESCRIPTION: A water-soluble nutrient and is easily destroyed by heat in the presence of an acid. It is especially important for women of childbearing age to guard against neural tube defects in their children. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Supports energy production and healthy hair and skin. May help promote healthy bone marrow, cell growth, nerve tissue, sweat glands and may help relieve muscle pain. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: Oral contraceptives may increase the need for folic acid. When consuming alcohol, it may lower absorption of folic acid by the body. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

VITAMIN B12 - (cyanocobalamin)

DESCRIPTION: This B-vitamin can be stored in the liver and kidneys for long periods, unlike other B-vitamins that must be replenished daily. It is soluble in water or alcohol and is unstable in hot alkaline or acid solutions. A deficiency can result in pernicious anemia, malabsorption and digestive disorders. Deficiency symptoms may include eye disorders, abnormal gait, memory loss, and hallucinations. May be synthesized by intestinal bacteria. Vitamin B12 is available only from animal sources, which is why vegetarians typically have a B12 deficiency. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps in the remission of pernicious anemia and is essential for normal development of red blood cells. Can be produced by the intestines. Helps support your nerve structure and aids in healthy bone marrow. Promotes growth and plays a critical role in proper energy metabolism and in immune and nerve function. Aids in iron functioning and helps the placement of Vitamin A in the body tissues. Helps all cells function normally. Necessary for the metabolism of fats, proteins and carbohydrates. Improves balance, memory and concentration. Maintains fertility and normal development and growth. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None known. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

BIOTIN - (B-Complex Vitamin)

DESCRIPTION: Biotin is a sulfur-containing, B-complex vitamin found in foods and produced by microorganisms in the lower gastrointestinal tract. Biotin activates certain enzymes that aid in metabolism of carbon dioxide, and is involved in the metabolism of Vitamin B12, folic acid, Pantothenic acid, B- complex vitamins, protein, fats and carbohydrates. Essential in the formation of RNA and DNA. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Supports energy production and healthy hair and skin. May help promote healthy bone marrow, cell growth, nerve tissue, sweat glands and may help relieve muscle pain. Helps the liver produce fats (lipids) and helps convert food into energy. Aids in exhaustion and preventing baldness. Sufficient quantities are needed for healthy skin. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: Sulfa and antibiotics may lower biotin levels in the body. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

PANTOTHENIC ACID (vitamin B5)

DESCRIPTION: This water-soluble vitamin cannot be stored in the body and needs to be replenished every day. Pantothenic acid can be found in both plant and animal sources. Produced in the body by the beneficial flora we already have in our intestines. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps support energy production, cellular building that may be injured during radiation and maintaining normal growth. Assists you in handling stressful situations more easily. Helps convert food into energy and stimulates the immune system and healing wounds. Promotes sharper memory and better concentration. Aids in the central nervous system. And is extremely important for the proper functioning of the adrenal glands. It also increases longetivity. Helps with the gastrointestinal system and has been thought to help with those who suffer from depression. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed.

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None known. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

CALCIUM

DESCRIPTION: Calcium is essential in order to form healthy teeth and bones. It also promotes a regular heartbeat and is important in nerve transmission. We also use calcium to grow muscle, contract muscle and to prevent those terrible cramping muscles during menses. It may prevent colon cancer, and lower blood pressure. Supplementing calcium in the diet, in conjunction with vitamin D and K2, can also prevent osteoporosis.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Maintains healthy bones, cells, teeth, muscles, tissues, and the production of energy. Promotes a healthy heart and normalizes blood clotting. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: May interfere with the Rx - verapamil. If you are suffering from kidney stones or kidney disease, you should avoid calcium supplements and contact your doctor for recommendations. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

IODINE

DESCRIPTION: Iodine, a trace mineral, is used by the thyroid to produce thyroxin. Thyroxin is a hormone which helps regulate energy production, body temperature, breathing, muscle tone and the maintenance of tissues. A deficiency in children may result in mental retardation and in adults, a deficiency has been linked to breast cancer. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Supports your energy production, skin, nerves and reproductive function. Helps prevent against goiter. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None are known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None known 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

MAGNESIUM

DESCRIPTION: Magnesium is an essential mineral and helps maintain proper pH balance, protects arterial linings and in the formation of bone. It assists in the uptake of calcium and potassium and assists with the transmission of nerve and muscles health. Magnesium helps prevent twitching, muscle weakness, depression, dizziness and heart conditions. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Maintains potassium levels and proper pH balance. Supports the cardiovascular system and healthy blood pressure. Promotes healthy blood sugar levels. Iron also helps to improve memory and reasoning ability 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: Large amounts of alcohol, diarrhea, zinc, and vitamin D all increase the body's need for magnesium. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

ZINC

DESCRIPTION: Zinc can be found throughout the body. When used in combination with Vitamin A, it promotes proper prostate function. It promotes a strong immune system, taste, and sense of smell. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps support your immune function, joints and tissues. Plays a critical role in cell division, repair and growth. Helps insulin function. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: To avoid absorption competition. The proper copper and zinc ratio should be maintained. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

SELENIUM

DESCRIPTION: This essential mineral is an antioxidant and prevents against free radical damage. It is needed for normal pancreatic function. It is best when combined with Vitamin E. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Maintains healthy heart muscle and promotes a healthy immune system. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None known when taken as directed. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

MANGANESE

DESCRIPTION: This trace mineral is required to manufacture enzymes that are needed to metabolize protein and fat. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Supports your glucose metabolism. Promotes healthy bones, nerves, immune function and blood sugar levels. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None known. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

CHROMIUM

DESCRIPTION: Chromium is a trace mineral and is needed for energy. It increases the metabolism of glucose and helps make cholesterol, fats and proteins. It helps to maintain blood sugar levels in hypoglycemic and diabetic individuals. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Supports the metabolism of glucose and energy production. It also supports the cardiovascular system and cholesterol levels. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None known. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

MOLYBDENUM

DESCRIPTION: Although molybdenum, a trace mineral it is still an essential mineral. It helps the body use nitrogen and promotes healthy cell function. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Supports nitrogen metabolism and cell function. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: If taken in high amounts it may interfere with metabolism of copper. A deficiency may cause impotence in older men. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

BORON

DESCRIPTION: Boron is a trace mineral and is only needed in trace amounts. It helps metabolize calcium to maintain healthy bones. In a group of post-menopausal women studied by the U.S. Department of Agriculture, boron was shown to significantly reduce the affect of calcium loss. It was also found that women who took Boron had double the blood level of the most active form of estrogen. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps protect against the demineralization of calcium, magnesium and phosphorus in our bones. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None known 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

CHOLINE - (B-Complex Vitamin)

DESCRIPTION: It is important to take Vitamin B5 with choline, as this facilitates its conversion into acetylcholine. Acetylcholine plays a key role in your memory and intellect, as well as in coordination, movement, muscle contraction and the diseases associated with this such as Parkinson’s, Tardive Dyskinesia. Therefore, memory would be impaired without Choline. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Supports your brain, liver, kidneys and nervous system function. Helps to maintain normal cholesterol and blood pressure. Aids in memory. Helps to prevent gallstones and to maintain muscular support. Has a role in eliminating toxins by helping the liver. Assists in lecithin formation. Aids in the metabolism of fat and cholesterol. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None known. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

CITRUS BIOFLAVONOIDS (vitamin P)

DESCRIPTION: Bioflavonoids are water-soluble compounds found in fruits and vegetables and destroyed by heat. They consist of hesperidin, rutin, citrin, flavones and flavonols. Bioflavonoids are essential for the proper absorption and enhancement of Vitamin C. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Works with Vitamin C to assist in connective tissue maintenance and capillaries, which is why it helps heal bruises, bleeding gums and oral herpes. It fights off free radicals to promote immune functions, fight the common cold and infections. Helps to treat dizziness and edema. Bioflavonoids also have an antibacterial affect that promotes circulation; they stimulate bile production that can help lower cholesterol levels. It may also help aid in the treatment of cataracts. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: None known when taken as directed. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None known. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

L-TAURINE

DESCRIPTION: Taurine is an essential amino acid that is found in the body, but mainly in the skeletal muscle, heart muscle, brain and central nervous system (the brain and spinal cord). Taurine also aids in the digestive processes including bile. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Those with a Taurine deficiency may find taking Taurine helpful. This would be those who are hyperactive, epileptic, those with poor memory or those who have anxiety. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

HAWTHORN (Crataegus oxycantha)

DESCRIPTION: Hawthorn works to lessen the strain on the heart by helping dilate blood vessels and strengthen the beat. The berries are rich in vitamin C and bioflavonoids, essential for vessel strength. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps maintain healthy circulation and heart function. Facilitates normal pumping action. Antiseptic, prevents arteriosclerosis, cardiac symptoms, enlarged heart, hardening of the arteries, heart condition, heart palpitation, high blood pressure, hypoglycemia and low blood pressure.

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

LUTEIN - (retinyl palmitate, beta-carotene, lutein, lycopene, mixed carotenoids)

DESCRIPTION: Without Vitamin A it is impossible for the body to use protein. This vitamin is an antioxidant as well as a fat-soluble nutrient. So, it can be dissolved in fat. When we eat food that contains beta-carotene, it is then converted to Vitamin A in the liver. You want to take a high-quality multivitamin which should provide vitamin A (fat soluble) in the form of retinyl palmitate; and mixed carotenoids (water soluble). These are the building blocks your body uses to make vitamin A. You might see carotenoids appearing on labels as alpha- and gamma-carotene, beta-carotene, cryptoxanthin, lutein, lycopene, and zeaxanthin. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps support bone formation and cell membranes. It's important to support the eyes, hair, skin (such as acne) and teeth. In other words, Vitamin A stimulates growth and vitality. It helps form the color purple which is essential for night vision. It's great for immune system functions - like fighting infection, colds, flu and bacteria. It also helps maintain the healthy function of the reproductive organs and liver function. When there is tissue damage inside or outside the body, a broken bone or damaged skin - it's Vitamin A to the rescue. It speeds up healing time in many illnesses. Vitamin A is an antioxidant, therefore, it helps the body combat environmental pollutants. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: Antibiotics, cholesterol-lowering drugs, and some laxatives can interfere with the absorption of Vitamin A. Those individuals who are pregnant or have liver disease MUST consult with their physician. Children MUST be directed by their physician. Hypothyroid individuals and diabetics should avoid beta-carotene because they cannot convert it to Vitamin A. 

POTENTIAL INTERACTION: None if taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be taken daily. 

ACTIVIN (Resveratol) GRAPE SEED EXTRACT

DESCRIPTION: Recent research indicates that grape seed may help skin wounds heal faster and with less scarring. Grape Seed Extract is used in conjunction with vitamin C or bioflavonoids to promote cardiovascular and soft tissue health. It also contains proanthocyanidins, which aid in the protection and support of collagen, the main protein in blood vessels. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Powerful wound healing and antioxidant protection from free radical damage. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

BLUEBERRY

DESCRIPTION: Blueberry contains compounds known as anthocyanosides, which are very potent antioxidants. It is also rich in bioflavonoids, manganese, phosphorus, iron and zinc. It contains many important phytochemicals including arbutin, which may benefit the urinary system. There is some research that indicates it can regenerate visual purple, which is necessary for healthy night vision because it strengthens the capillaries. The capillaries are small veins that surround the eyes, therefore the circulation around the eyes is improved. The anthocyanosides may also strengthen the capillaries in the retina, which may help slow macular degeneration. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps improve night vision, cataracts; recovery from strokes, ulcers; treating angina, diarrhea, glaucoma, menstrual cramps, urinary function and varicose veins. It is also helpful for Raynaud's Disease. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: Do not exceed recommended amount due to tannin content. 

COENZYME Q10

DESCRIPTION: Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) is a very potent antioxidant. It helps to protect cells from free radicals. Free radicals are the byproducts of energy production, which means they are left over products. Even though there are ten common coenzyme Q's, Q10 is the only one found in human tissue. Because of this fact, Q10 tends to diminish with age and therefore must be supplemented in the diet. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: It is used in the treatment of heart disease, high blood pressure and for supporting the immune system. There is research that supports Q10 benefiting allergies, asthma and respiratory conditions. It's also been used in the treatment of mental dysfunction, aging, candidacies, diabetes, obesity and multiple sclerosis. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: There have been none documented to my knowledge. You'll always want to ask your healthcare provider for potential side effects, especially if you are taking medication of any kind. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

ACETYL-L-CARNITINE

DESCRIPTION: L-Carnitine is made from two amino acids, methionine and lysine. It is stored in tissues such as skeletal muscle and heart muscle. Vegetarians are usually low in the storage of carnitine. We can remember carnitine transports because it has "car" in its name. It aids in preventing a fatty build-up, weight loss and it widely used by athletes. L-Carnitine can be manufactured by the body if a B vitamin is regularly taken along with a sufficient amount of iron and the amino acid lysine. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps the body use fat for energy where it is then utilized as a source for muscular activity. 

Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA)

DESCRIPTION: Alpha Lipoic Acid (ALA) is the only antioxidant that is both fat and water-soluble. This is important because Alpha Lipoic Acid can access all parts of the cell, giving it tremendous ability to trap free radicals wherever they may be. Alpha Lipoic Acid is one of the very few substances that can actually cross the blood/brain barrier to enter the brain and go directly where it is needed most. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Alpha Lipoic Acid supplementation causes increased levels of glutathione, which helps the body dispose of toxins. This is important as glutathione protects the brain from free radical damage, and low levels of glutathione in the brain are associated with brain disorders such as stroke, dementia, Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

Marine Lipid Concentrate (omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids)

DESCRIPTION: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are found in oil from certain types of fish. These fatty acids are not made by the body and must be consumed in the diet. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids work by lowering the body's production of triglycerides. High levels of triglycerides can lead to coronary artery disease, heart disease, and stroke. Omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids are used together with diet and exercise to help lower triglycerides, LDL, VLDL levels and raises HDL levels in the blood.

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA)

DESCRIPTION: Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA) is one of several omega-3 fatty acids used by the body. It is found in cold water fatty fish and in fish oil supplements, along with docosahexaenoic acid (DHA). Omega-3 fatty acids are part of a healthy diet that helps lower risk of heart disease. Increased intake of EPA has beneficial effects on coronary heart disease, high blood pressure, and inflammatory disorders, such as rheumatoid arthritis. Most people in the Western world do not get enough omega-3 fatty acids in their diet.

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA)

Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) is an omega-3 fatty acid. It is found in cold water fatty fish and fish oil supplements, along with eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA). Vegetarian sources of DHA come from seaweed. DHA is essential for the proper functioning of our brains as adults, and for the development of our nervous system and visual abilities during the first 6 months of life. In addition, omega-3 fatty acids are part of a healthy diet that helps lower risk of heart disease. Our bodies naturally produce small amounts of DHA, but we must get the amounts we need from our diet or supplements. Most people in the Western world do not get enough omega-3 fatty acids in their diet.

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

L-CARNITINE

DESCRIPTION: L-Carnitine is made from two amino acids, methionine and lysine. It is stored in tissues such as skeletal muscle and heart muscle. Vegetarians are usually low in the storage of carnitine. It aids in preventing a fatty build-up, weight loss and it widely used by athletes. L-Carnitine can be manufactured by the body if a B vitamin is regularly taken along with a sufficient amount of iron and the amino acid lysine. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps the body use fat for energy where it is then utilized as a source for muscular activity. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

L-GLUTAMINE

DESCRIPTION: Glutamine is found in high concentrations in the human brain where it is converted to glutamic acid. Taken in modest amounts, glutamine can substantially increase your production of growth hormone. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Assists in brain fog, mental alertness and clarity. Decreases sugar cravings. May aid in mental disorders senility and schizophrenia. Maintains a healthy digestive tract and is important in alcoholism. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

Pyroglutamic acid

DESCRIPTION: Pyroglutamic acid is an amino acid that is found in small amounts in the body that possesses brain-boosting properties without causing harmful side effects. Pyroglutamic acid encourages the release of the memory chemical acetylcholine in the brain. Acetylcholine is an essential chemical messenger that helps brain cells communicate with each other. This communication helps you retain old memories and also makes it easier to remember new information. Further research carried out by Italian researchers, showed that pyroglutamic acid helps preserve acetylcholine levels in the brain, as well as protecting it from chemicals that can worsen memory.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: The treatment of Alzheimer’s and cognitive impairment.

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

L-TYROSINE

DESCRIPTION: Tyrosine is used by the thyroid gland to produce thyroxin. Thyroxin is a hormone that helps regulate growth, healthy skin, our metabolic rate and our mental health. Low levels of tyrosine have been connected with hypothyroidism. Tyrosine is used in our body to make epinephrine and dopamine. It reduces body and is an appetite suppressant. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: Contraindicated for people with high blood pressure, skin cancer and those who are using MAO inhibitors. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Sub-clinical Hypothyroidism, low metabolism rate, excess weight, cognitive impairment.

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

DMAE

DESCRIPTION: DMAE stands for dimethylaminoethanol, it is an analog - a structural derivative - of one of the B vitamins. It is also a precursor of acetylcholine. Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter, a molecule involved in the transmission of messages between nerve cells in the central nervous system.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: mental acuity, attention span, resistance to stress, neurological processes, improves the appearance and condition of aging skin.

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

Ashwagandha 

DESCRIPTION: Ashwagandha is a shrub that flourishes in India and North America and increases three different natural antioxidants: superoxide dismutase, catalase and glutathione peroxidase.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: used to treat inflammation, fevers, and to protect against infection or illness. It has also been used to boost the immune system, improve memory, and to promote overall wellness.
 
POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.
 

 

GINSENG (SIBERIAN) (Eleutherococcus senticosus)

DESCRIPTION: Ginseng helps restore balance to the body and increases resistance to adverse influences. This balancing activity seems to work especially on the central nervous system.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps body withstand stressful conditions. Enhances mental energy and physical stamina. Helps maintain healthy blood fat levels, blood pressure, depression, increases endurance, longevity, physical vigor, sexual stimulant and stress. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

Vinpocetine 

DESCRIPTION: A nutritional supplement derived from the periwinkle plant.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: uses include memory enhancement, increased cognitive performance, improved cerebral circulation and higher mental acuity and awareness.

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.
 

GINKGO BILOBA

DESCRIPTION: Ginkgo Biloba is the world's best-studied herb for maintenance of normal memory and mental sharpness, especially after the age of 40. 

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Helps facilitate blood flow to the smaller arteries and circulation (blood flow). It has been used in trinities, asthma, heart and kidney disorders and glucose utilization. It has been used in Alzheimer's disease but no supporting research indicates that it has been helpful. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: Ginkgo Biloba has caused gastrointestinal upset, headaches and allergic skin reactions. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

Rhodiola Root

DESCRIPTION:  Rhodiola root is a plant in the Crassulaceae family that grows in cold areas around the world. These regions include much of the Arctic, the Central Asian mountainous areas, the Rocky Mountains, and the mountainous parts of Europe, such as the Alps, Carpathian Mountains, Pyrenees, Scandinavia, Iceland, and the British Isles.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Memory, attention span, mental sharpness, anxiety/panic attacks, depression, mental/physical fatigue and focus.

Rhodiola root has been shown effective in improving mood and alleviating depression. Rhodiola root’s effects are attributed to its ability to optimize serotonin and dopamine levels and its influence on opioid peptides like beta-endorphins.

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

SerinAid (Phosphatidylserine)

DESCRIPTION: Phosphatidylserine is a natural nutrient found as part of the cell membrane of cells. Phosphatidylserine is most notably found in the cell membrane of neurons, comprising about 7 to 10 percent of its lipid content and is derived from Soy.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: mental acuity, attention span, resistance to stress, neurological processes

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.

SerinAid (Phosphatidylethanolamine)

Phosphatidylethanolamine is a non-protein, sulfur-containing amino acid derived from methionine metabolism and S-adenosylmethionine (SAM)-dependent transmethylation.

POTENTIAL BENEFITS: Lowers homocysteine, which has been associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease, atherosclerosis, birth defects, Alzheimer's disease, and osteoporosis. 

POTENTIAL SIDE EFFECTS: No side effects known when taken as recommended. 

GENERAL USAGE: May be used daily.